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One of the most important mud architecture monuments and perhaps the largest mud building in the world (in area and in height), the palace housing the Seiyun Museum was commissioned by the Sultan Ghalib ben Mohsen al-Ketheri after establishing his rule in Wadi Hadramout in the mid 19th century. It witnessed a series of modifications and additions by preceeding ruling Sultans (until 1967) that illustrate changes in local architectural style.

The palace is situated on the top of a small hill and from the top of its roofs at the 7th floor, a visitor can see a panoramic view of the city of Saiyun and its palm-tree farms at the edges of the wadi. It served as both the residence and the offices of the ruling Sultan. The palace is surrounded by the Jama'a Mosque and the main suq. The square between the mosque and the palace was used for public gatherings and festivals.

The palace today hosts the regional offices of the General Authority of Museums, Manuscripts and Antiquities (GAMMA) and Cultural affairs as well as the Seiyun museum. The museum itself contains many different sections. Among these are sections on Bronze and Stone Ages as well as on the excavated ruins of the ancient city of Raybun (8th century BC - 2nd century AD), the archeological findings of the Soviet and Yemeni missions from 1983 to 1991, and the archeological findings at the settlement of Jujah (8th century BC) by the New York Institute of Fine Art (under the supervision of Salma Alradi from AIYS and GAMMA). Other sections cover Islamic antiquities, local folklore, an exhibition of historical documents of the area, and a gallery of historical photographs of Wadi Hadramout taken by the Netherlands diplomat Van Der Mullein during the 1930s (presented to the museum by the Royal Netherlands Embassy).

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