BIODIVERSITY MUSEUM OF IRAN
Biodiversity Museum Opens in Tehran
TEHRAN TIMES ECONOMIC DESK TEHRAN -
The biodiversity museum was inaugurated on April 14 in Pardisan Natural Park of Tehran in presence of President Mohammad Khatami, chairwomen of the Department of the Environment (DoE), Dr. Ebtekar, domestic and foreign participants, university professors, and concerned officials of the department, the Public Relations Dept. of the Department of the Environment announced. The ceremony began by reciting some verses from the Holy Qoran and then the secretary of the conference Dr. Bahrampour briefed the audience on the situation of biodiversity in Iran. While welcoming the participants, the head of the Department of Environment Dr. Ebtekar pointed to the status of the biodiversity forming for a decade and necessary measures should be adopted for safeguarding the environment for saving bio endangered species that Iran has been losing its biodiversity in an alarming rate. In the end, Dr. Ebtekar outlined the responsibilities of the department such as conduct scientific research concerning preservation, pollution control and prevent any disturbance in the environmental balance, recommend standards and criteria for purposes of control and prevention of the pollution of water, air and soil, adopt measures appropriate for protection of the environment within national laws and compatible with the rights of individuals, establish zoological gardens, eco-parks and natural history museums, etc.
The National Museum of Natural History (MMTT) was
founded in 1973 as a part of the DoE. The construction of a
new building covering more than 45,000 m˛ began on World
Museums Day in 1999 with the theme of “The Pleasure of
Discovery” at the Pardisan Park in Tehran.
Pardisan (Paradise) Park is a multi-purpose complex covering
more than 270 hectares located in north-west Tehran. This
complex is primarily an educational, research and cultural
center with the objective of creating suitable facilities for the
study of the environment in all its diﬀerent aspects. However,
in addition to scientiﬁc activities, facilities have been created
in Pardisan Park for visitors to spend time in an inspiring,
educational atmosphere. In other words, this Park is a multipurpose project, providing education in fun and relaxed
surroundings aimed at increasing public awareness about natural environment. Pardisan Park contains the Biodiversity
Museum, a wildlife park, a theatre, playgrounds and several other facilities.
Biodiversity Museum of Iran
In the ﬁrst step of the implementation of such a project, the Biodiversity Museum of Iran (BMI) has been established and
made open to public visitors. The Museum consist of several parts and sections including:
1- A section demonstrating the Persian Gulf ecosystem,
2- Paleontology part of the Museum which demonstrates diﬀerent ages,
3- Diﬀerent divisions containing species from Iran as well as all continents.
The museum also includes several other modern tuition, educational and information systems, such as touchscreen
monitors, cyber screen section containing sound eﬀects of diﬀerent species, information about their habitats and other
related information. It also incorporates several diﬀerent kinds of educational entertainments for kids and young collegiates.
Side galleries are here to further inform enthusiast visitors.
Library and scientific document center
Due to necessity of an equipped and up-to-date library, the
Natural History Museum of Iran has established a scientiﬁc
and educational center in 1984 to:
1- Serve visitors with diﬀerent kind of books and other
2- A reliable internet connection;
3- Balance the level the technical environmental information
with the world of today;
4- Provide necessary facilities in existing resources for
5- Gather actual needs of experts of diﬀerent ﬁelds and to
Herbarium of Natural History Museum of Iran
Established around 1970, the herbarium of Natural History Museum is one of the major references in the modern and
systematic research on diﬀerent plants in protected areas. It incorporates a database of information on specimens in more
than 20 ﬁelds, generating updated reports on geographic distribution maps.
As the preservation of genetic diversity is the most important aim of the Department of Environment, and also the Islamic
Republic of Iran is a Party to The Biosafety Protocole under The Convention on Biological Diversity, it is necessary to identify
and conserve the gene pool.
For further achievements in this objective, the Department of Environment has established a Laboratory, in 2001. To further
equip the laboratory, the Natural History Museum of Iran, started to buy the necessary equipments, and incorporated experts
in this ﬁeld. In march 2003, equipments began to be been installed by experts and professionals in order to:
• Identiﬁcation of the genetic relationships between species and subspecies,
• Classiﬁcation of wild life species and subspecies,
• Study and identiﬁcation of genetic divergence in wild life and the risk of their extinction.
Green Government Policy
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran adopted a Bill in January 2003 to implement an Environmental Management
System (EMS) for all governmental bodies throughout the country, starting Iranian year 1382 (March 2003).
The Green Government Bill aims at protecting and optimizing the use of resources within governmental bodies. The measure
covers ﬁve areas of immediate concern:
• Energy conservation and eﬃciency,
• Water conservation and recycling,
• Solid waste reduction and recycling,
• Paper conservation and re-use,
• Optimizing government transportation.
As the ﬁrst step to implement the Green Government Policy in DoE as a pioneer department, the Natural History Museum
oﬃce has been accredited ISO-9001 & ISO-14001 international standards.
For more information:
Biodiversity Museum of Iran (BMI)
Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Tel: +98 (21) 826 8039
Fax: +98 (21) 883 1297