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About Tache Ionescu by dr. Maria Stochita
30. Oktober 2009
Muzeul Romanatiului Caracal
Mr. archaeologist Sabin Popovici
Muzeul Romanatiului Caracal, Romania, Caracal
A few month before the Peace Conference in Paris was held , Take Ionescu left there together with other members of the diplomatic staff accredited in Bucharest , but who withdrew in Iasy with all the high offcials and the royal family .
The trip was made by a special train, mamed "Take Ionescu train" and began on 28th of June.They came across big dangers, because they had to cross the territories occupied by the Central Powers'troops.
Accompanied by Nicolae Titulescu, T. Ionescu arrived in Paris after a journey of about one month , on 22th of July.his desire for leaving to Paris is very well and clearly expressed in the mail exchange that he had with his latter wife, Adina Olmazu, letters published by Vasile Netea in FLAME MAGAZINE and studied by me -self at the NATIONAL ARCHIVE Of THE ROMANIA ACADEMY. It is very well known that T. Ionescu found in Adina one of his closest collaborators and a real supporter of his policy.Because of the details they gave theirs letters were niknamed "the front diary".
Arrived in Paris, T. Ionescu got in touch with the Romanian emmigrants ,all of them waited him anxiously. On 17th of January 1918, these patriots founded the newspaper named "Romania"which was interested in mirroring the reality in our country, to reveal our interests and aspirations. T.Ionescu was waited in Paris with a lot of hope both by te Romanian emmigrants and by the allies`officials , to better clarify the Romanian policy.
Take Ionescu was an inspired person, dedicated to his aim, which he always expressed full of enthusiasm and passion. When Take Ionescu reached Paris, he found here an atmosphere less favorable to Romania. George Clemenceau , the French Prime -Minister was deeply insatisfed by the fact that Romania had signed a separate treaty of peace with the Central Powers, through the "collaboration goverment" of AL. Marghiloman. Unfortunately, Clemenceau 's opinion were spread by the diplomatic media in Paris , and even by some newspapers and magazines. So T. Ionescu had a difficult task to fulfill. He had understood for a long while that his role and place were to be in Paris, among that period diplomats,were he could do wonderful things for Romania, instead of staying at Iasy,the town were the Goverment was retired during the war.
He expressed his belifs in some of his letters to his wife ,Adina,and these really illustrates his state of mind and spirit;his deep thought that through a real lobby, Romania could get out of the diplomatic isolation were it had been thrown by the international events.
This real difficult task to get away the false image launched upon our country , was successfully accomplished by Take Ionescu. He began by showing that the Peace of Bucharest with theCentral Powers ,was not the expression of the Romanian people, but a way through which the statesmem tried to save the country and the democratic institutions. He brought good reasons , demonstrating that our people were agains the "invaders", and that the war had been started hoping the Great Union.Besides Romania had been forced to sign a separate peace treaty, by two factors:on one hand by the revolutionary events in russia, and on the other hand by the Allies Powers, although it had promissed important military help , through a signed treaty.
After five days after he had arrived in Paris , T. Ionescu had a first meeting with G. Clemenceau, and then a long discussion with Stephen pichon, his mate and friend, then the French Foreign Affairs Minister. T. Ionescu informed him about the real situation of Romania:forced to give up, althogh by enemies , having a weakened, poor population enduring an endless war.T. Ionescu`s two steady attidudes were the patience and his diplomacy.
Calmy and knowing very well his goals , T. Ionescu followed constantly their achivement . He has given much credit by the French officials .G. Clemenceau niknamed the"Tiger" had written a laudatory article about T. Ionescu in 1914.
Around 13th September the situation seemd to be more favorable for Romania and the same day T. Ionescu would write to his wife:"Clemenceau is now friendly , very friendly "what in the diplomatic language is supposed to be more than a formal act. During July 1918, T. Ionescu had many meetings with great personalities of the French goverment.On 28th july he met Briand, and only after a day , on 29t July, he saw Paul Deschanel.We cannot know for sure what they talked about there .It is likely that the French State Archives and the private collections should offer great surprises , but the details that came to light were those from T. Ionescu `s letters which are still not very well known.
His activity is clearly mirrord in many newspapers , which published his interviews:LE TEMPS,LE FIGARO, L`EXCELSIOR, LE PETIT JOURNAL, LA GRANDE REVUE,LA ROUMANIE. He also lectured a lot to many French publications of French institutions and in his private meetings with important French statemen:Louis Barthou, Al Millerand, Albert Thomas, Franclin Bouillon, A. Viviani, A. tardieu, on which occasions he would succeed in taking away the uncertanly and the distrust regarding Romania politics. Leaving Paris , he went to London, were , accompanied by Nicolae Titulescu his activity would be as successful as it had in Paris.During his three tours that he made to London in September, Octomber and November, he met and had breakfast with the Great Britain Prime Minister ( on 5th August), Bonar Law (on 9th August) and Lord Curzon (on 21th November).
During these meetings almost all the personalities he met expressed their points of view according to which they stated the desire that Romania`s resistence policy should have been successful and they awareness that our country was in a hard situation and they also knew the sacrifices our people had done.
The London`s newspapers and magazines published numerous interviews given by T. Ionescu to THE MORNING POST, TIMES, THE EVENING STANDARD, TE DAILY CHRONICLE;they reflected to Romania`s position, to the Romanian`s situation in Transilvania , Banat, Bucovina and Maramures and the Romania`s desire to unite their historical districts into a single country.
Finaly , T. Ionescu stopped in Rome where he met Orlando, the Italian Prime Minister, and the Foreign Affairs Minister of Italy. On the 3th October1918 to give all his efgorts an official character and status, and also to unify the Romanian emmigration efforts , T. Ionescu found THE ROMANIAN UNTY NATIONAL COUNCIL ,recognized by the official goverments as the official representative of Romania in front of the Allies.
The first country that recognized the existence of this Council was France , on 11th November, and Italy on 22th November. This Council had very closed officials links with the related organisations from Serbia, Czekia, Slovakia and Poland.
Take Ionescu had also numerous meetings with the Serb and Greek goverments .
Studying the T. Ionescu Fund from the ROMANIAN ACADEMY LIBRARY we can conclude that:
he was e very good politicians and a realy patriot, knowing very well the interest of is country.